Saint bernard breed of dog

Saint bernard breed of dog

A large mountain dog, strong and muscular with a powerful head and an intelligen expression, the Saint Bernard has been known since the 14th century, his origin being Asia, and his ancestor, the Tibetan Molos dog breed. Wars and commerce leg, undoubtedly, to its bringing in Europe, through Asia Minor and Greece, then Rome, where it conquers the Alps. Starting with the 18th century, the Saint Bernard begins to be used as a rescue dog, by the monks from the monestary of Grand Saint-Bernard; in the mid 19th century, because the breed has started to become endangered, the last specimens were bred with Terra Nova dogs, which led to the creation of the long hair variety, and contributed to the definitive establishment of the breed, as it is today.

With a noble aura, a stern and somewhat sad expression, the Saint bernard breed has a happy and playful character. Afectionate with the owners and friendly with children, the dog is a devoted guard, without being dangerous. Trained specifically as a mountain rescue dog, this breed finds lost hikers and signals their presence, or leads them to safety. Therefore, the Saint Bernard is presented with the traditional rum barrel tied to its neck.

The Saint Bernard breed does not adapt well to dry plain regions, and it must be fed carefully, to avoid it becomin rachitic. Also, a sedentary life leads to rheumatism.

Breed standard

Saint bernard dog breed

Dog group: utility dogs and watchdogs.

Head: Powerful and impozing, with wrinkles that emphasize in a state of attention. Short muzzle, with well developed lips. Black, broad nose.

Eyes: Medium sized, positioned in deep sockets, dark; the Saint-Bernard has an intelligent and affectionate expression.

Ears: Set high enough, they bend into a smooth fold, sticking to the cheek and forming a slightly round and elongated triangle.

Body: Very broad, straight back. Round, moderately deep chest. The abdomen narrows slightly towards the rear, being clearly detached from the strong lumbar region. Broad, inclined shoulders. Lims strong and robust.

Tail: Broad and strong at the base, long. While at rest, it hangs straight or slightly rounded at the tip, and when excited, slightly curved, but without hooking towards the rear.

Lifespan: around 10 years

Saint bernard pictures

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