American curl cat breed

American curl breed of cats

Ears layed down on the back are, in feline language, a clear sign of threat. However, for the American curl cat breed, the crescent-shaped bend rather gives it the looks of a small "devil" and does not seem to have any influence over the cat's ability to communicate. Furthermore, the breed was selected for the affectionate, playful and peaceful nature of its character.

Cat type: intermediate/cobby

Origin: United States

Origin date: 1981

Nationality: United States

Official recognition: recognized in 1985

Cat's temperament: balanced, social

Lifespan: approximately 15 years

Varieties of American curl: American curl shorthair

Color patterns:

Breed's standard

American curl breed of cat

The American curl breed is a well proportioned, medium sized cat, weighing as an adult between 2.5 and 5 kg. The head is shaped like the base of a pyramid, long and not too wide, with slightly rounded skull profile and straight nose with low pronounced stop.

The ears are quite large, straight and wide open, bent back at an angle of between 90 and 180°. Tips are rounded. At birth, kittens have normal ears, which are small and hanging. The cat's ears start to bend between the fourth and seventh day of life and are hard to the touch on at least one third of length from the base. The crease is not perfect until the kittens reach the age of 4-6 months. The closer the ear's tip gets to the skull, the more valuable the specimen is.

The American curl cat breed's eyes are almond shaped, quite large and far away from eachother, depending in color of the color of the coat only in colorpoint specimens. The cat's tail is of equal length to that of the body, legs are of medium length, with round paws. The hair is short in the American curl shorthair variety, semilong and almost devoid of wooly fluff in the American curl longhair variety.

Breed's character

American curl breed of cat

The American curl is a well balanced, medium active cat, playful even as an adult; it reaches maturity around the age of 2-3 years.

It is a sociable, peaceful and affectionate cat, which likes to be caressed, searching affectionate companionship, being very well suited for life in a family with kids. It can learn to fetch toys and can handle the presence of other house pets.

Although it enjoys open space, the American curl breed adapts well indoors as well.

American curl cat breed's colors

American curl breed of cat

All colors and patterns of the American curl cat breed are accepted.

Grooming the American curl

American curl breed of cat

Selected for a few years, the American curl has a healthy and robust constitution.

Its characteristic ears are the ones that need special attention: at least once a month they should be cleaned carefully, so as not to irritate the hard, but thin and delicate ear cartilage.

Despite inbred mating, indispensable to maintain and fix the bent ears, this unusual mutation did not lead to the appearance of skeletal malformations or genetic abnormalities in this breed of cat.

American curl pictures

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American curl breed of cat picture #1
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American curl's old history

The American curl cat breed has emerged recently, the mutation was first noted in June 1981.

American curl's modern history

The American curl cat breed is characterized by a fold of the ears, a mutation first observed in June 1981 in the Lakewood Californian town. The female, called Schulamith, has crescent-shaped bent ears and this feature is present in the first four kittens of the cat's litter. Two of these kittens are given to the owner's sister, Ester Brimlow, and will be noticed later by cat breeder Nancy Kiester.
Nancy, who would later become secretary of the North American Curl Club decides to start a selection program and, starting with Mercedes, the ancestor of the species, helps the breed spread in California, in both the semi-long and short hair variety.