Cat Nutrition

Cats are formidable predators that, despite centuries of coexistence with man, have not lost the ability to survive thanks to skilful hunting. If they can, they catch small rodents, birds, reptiles and insects, which they often kill but don't eat.

Unlike other predators, the nutrition of cats depends largely on meat and, even for housecats, the main food must be meat. Food prepared in house can be made up of meat, cut into small pieces and lightly fried, garnished with veggies and cereals, bread, carrots, zucchinies and other cooked vegetables which do not provide a great amount of protein or vitamins, but ease the intestinal transit. However, some vegetables, potatoes and even milk (if the cat does not tolerate it) must be avoided.

During the weaning period, if a large litter of kittens causes the mother cat's milk to be insufficient, it is recommended that kittens are are given a special milk supplement, rich in vitamines, minerals and proteins, which are missing from cow's milk.

Fish started to be part of the cat's diet only thanks to man, who hosted it on his ships since the time of the Pharaohs. Fish is rich in vitamins, especially from the B group: the housecat is recommended to be fed boiled fish, without the head, scales and intestines, which contain an enzyme that destroys vitamin B1.

Other foods to avoid are raw pork, altered fish and bones which are sharp or have a tendency to splinter into sharp chips, raw egg whites and food prepared for dogs. Cats need a diet rich in calories, with a high protein content (about 40%). Food should be at ambient temperature, neither too hot nor too cold, at fridge temperature.

Instead of hose cooked meals, a cat can be fed special foods available on the market, both wet and dry. When changing the type of food, it is preferred that the new food be introduced gradually, instead of suddenly changing the diet.

Cats like to receive food in small amounts, several times throughout the day. However, do not leave food (especially wet) in the cat's bowl permanently, especially if it is outside, because the food will oxidize and also attract swarms of insects.